This guidance applies to cases of suspected anthrax in heroin users and is
based on that used during the 2009/10 outbreak in Scotland.
The guidance supplements the clinical algorithm (Figure 1) which provides a quick guide to key diagnostic features and management.
This guidance is intended to assist clinicians in the management of patients with suspected or confirmed systemic anthrax infection under their care. It provides information on clinical assessment of anthrax infection and best available advice on management, derived from current experience in managing cases.