The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have issued vector sampling protocols outlining the recommended methods for collecting vectors to support entomologists and public health professionals in Europe. This is a first attempt to summarise best-practices in terms of methods and strategies for sampling mosquitoes, sandflies, biting midges and ticks. The protocols were developed within the VectorNet project, a joint initiative of EFSA and ECDC supporting the collection of data on vectors and related pathogens, both in animal and human health.
The VectorNet sampling protocols offer a uniform way to sample vectors and describe the optimal methods for data collection, conservation of specimens, identification and quality control, all based on VectorNet practices.
Each section of the report is dedicated to a vector species (mosquitoes, sandflies, biting midges or ticks) and describes in detail:
- which traps to use to meet specific study objectives
- how to select a sampling site
- when to sample and for how long or how often
- how to collect samples
- how to preserve them
- how to identify them
- how to assess quality
The report intends to provide support to professionals involved in the surveillance, monitoring or control of vector-borne diseases. It will also be of interest to decision-makers, policymakers and stakeholders in public health, as well as non-experts in mosquito surveillance, monitoring and control. The suggested methods can be applied to the entire geographic area of Europe, that is, in all EU member states and EEA/EFTA countries.
Source: ECDC, 28 June 2018