On 2 July 2018, Public Health England (PHE) published a practical guide to undertaking risk assessment of potential rabies exposures and the correct use of post-exposure treatment.
Rabies is a viral encephalitis and can be fatal. Prompt treatment after exposure is the most effective way to prevent disease. Post-exposure treatment using rabies vaccine with or without human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG) is highly effective in preventing disease if given correctly and promptly after exposure. These updated guidelines include a new shortened rabies post-exposure protocol of four doses of vaccine over 21 days in immunocompetent individuals.
Source: UK Government, 2 July 2018