Many people worldwide are unable to get tested for diseases, or are incorrectly diagnosed, because they cannot access diagnostic services. As a result they do not receive treatment, or receive incorrect treatment. Undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes and late diagnosis of infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis cause major health issues and lead to the spread of disease.
To address this gap, the World Health Organization (WHO) has published its first Essential Diagnostics List, a catalogue of the tests needed to diagnose the most common conditions as well as the identification of a number of global priority diseases.
The list concentrates on in vitro tests, that is tests of human specimens like blood and urine. It contains 113 products: 58 tests are listed for detection and diagnosis of a wide range of common conditions, providing an essential package that can form the basis for screening and management of patients.
The remaining 55 tests are designed for the detection, diagnosis and monitoring of priority diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, hepatitis B and C, human papillomavirus (HPV) and syphilis.
Source: WHO, 15 May 2018