Quality improvement tools


Healthcare associated infection (HAI) affects one in 22 patients. More information on HAI can be found in our HAI and Antimicrobial prescribing prevalence report 2016.

To help reduce these infections NHSScotland has implemented a variety of systems and tools that can be used in clinical settings and these are:

  • bundles
  • key recommendations
  • literature reviews


A number of steps when performed together, reliably and continuously can improve patient outcomes.

Key recommendations

Key recommendations have been produced from the literature reviews. These should be included in quality improvement tools. A summary of the key recommendations are presented in the form of a diagram which can be printed off and used in practice.

Literature review

Review of evidence base and expert opinion to ensure key recommendations are the most critical for improving and streamlining practices.

MHRA alert

View the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) alert that's also been issued on the use of risk of anaphylactic reaction due to chlorhexidine allergy.